Winter Average Temperature Map
This interactive map displays the Long-term averages of winter average temperatures in the United States. For stations, winter temperature, and elevation, hover over the map. Zoom out to see Alaska, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii. Zoom in to see all stations in detail.
Average Temperature (°F)
Winter is the coldest season of the year in temperate and polar climates. This is caused by the Earth's tilt of the axis. It occurs when a hemisphere is oriented away from the sun.
The effects of winter in the northern hemisphere is variable. It depends on elevation, marine winds, and precipitation.
For example, areas in the middle of the country, like the central plains, have lower winter temperatures than areas in similar latitudes like San Francisco.
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Winter in the U.S.A
Winter conditions in the U.S.A. can vary significantly based on geographic location.
The country experiences diverse climates, ranging from the frigid temperatures of Alaska to the milder winters along the southern coasts.
Northern States and Alaska
These regions endure harsh winters with freezing temperatures, heavy snowfall, and icy conditions.
In places like Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the Dakotas, temperatures can plummet well below freezing, often reaching sub-zero levels.
Snowstorms and blizzards are common, creating challenges for transportation and daily activities.
Alaska experiences extreme cold, with temperatures dipping far below zero, accompanied by heavy snowfall in many areas.
States like New York, Pennsylvania, and New England face cold winters with significant snowfall.
Cities like Boston and Buffalo often see heavy snowstorms, causing disruptions to travel and daily routines.
The Great Lakes region, including cities like Chicago and Cleveland, also experiences chilly temperatures and lake-effect snow.
States such as Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, and Missouri endure cold winters with varying amounts of snowfall.
Temperatures can drop significantly, affecting daily life and necessitating snow removal and winterization measures.
Areas like Washington and Oregon witness milder winter conditions compared to the northern and eastern parts of the country.
Rain is more common than snow in many coastal areas, though inland regions and higher elevations can experience snowfall.
States along the southern coast, such as Florida, Texas, and California, typically have mild winters compared to the rest of the country.
While they might not experience extreme cold or heavy snow, some regions can still have cooler temperatures and occasional frost or light snow in more northern areas.
In response to these varying conditions, different regions employ specific strategies to deal with winter weather. Northern states have well-established snow removal protocols, use salt and sand on roads, and often have winter tires or chains on vehicles.
Conversely, areas less accustomed to severe winter weather might experience more disruptions when faced with even moderate snow or ice.
Winter activities like skiing, snowboarding, ice skating, and festivals centered around the season are popular across the country, providing opportunities for outdoor recreation and celebration despite the cold.
Coldest Average Temperatures
As expected, the coldest average winter temperatures are found in Alaska:
- Prot Alcan: -82°F
- TOK: -77°F
- Wiseman: -71°F
- Battles: -70°F
- Fairbanks: -59°F
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The coldest average winter temperatures in the Conterminous United States are:
- Hallock, Minnesota: 47°F
- Embarrass, Minnesota: 58°F
- Edmore, North Dakota: 62°F
- Langdon, North Dakota: 66°F
- Roseau, Minnesota: 69°F
Warmest Winter Average Temperatures
- Pago Pago, American Samoa 82.5°F
- Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia: 82.3°F
- Kwajalein, Marshall Islands: 81.9°F
The warmest average winter temperatures in the Conterminous United States are:
- Marathon, Florida: 71°F
- Key West, Florida: 70.9°F
- Fort Lauderdale, Florida: 70.3°F
- Isla Morada, Florida: 70.2 °F
- Conch Key, Florida: 70.2 °F
"Climate normals are typically defined as 30-year averages of meteorological conditions, such as air temperature, precipitation, etc.
They are arguably the most fundamental attributes of the climate of a given locale. In fact, the terms normal and climatology are often used interchangeably." Source: NOAA.
These temperature normals displayed are from over 7,500 stations throughout the U.S.A.
The "mean temperature" is defined as the average of Maximum Temperature and Minimum Temperature for the day.
Resources for U.S. Winter Average Temperature Map
The temperature averages were downloaded from Anthony Arguez, Imke Durre, Scott Applequist, Mike Squires, Russell Vose, Xungang Yin, and Rocky Bilotta (2010). NOAA's U.S. Climate Normals (1981-2010). [Temperature-Inventory]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. DOI:10.7289/V5PN93JP [November 2023].
The Shapefiles for this map were downloaded from Natural Earth.
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